Sunday, May 17, 2020
Overview, Symptoms, and Treatment for Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that is affecting peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives every day. There isnÃ¢â¬â¢t a cure for this disorder and it is lifelong. Schizophrenia can affect a personÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts, emotions, and actions. People with this disorder can have a hard time figuring out what is real and what isnÃ¢â¬â¢t real. A common side effect to schizophrenia is hallucinations and delusions. Another common side effect is social withdrawal, which means that they avoid social interaction. Patients with schizophrenia undergo lots of medications, therapies, and are taken to specialists to get help. Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that usually starts at a young age for people. Statistics show that 9 out of 10 menÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In the undifferentiated subtype, the patient has bits and pieces of the paranoid, disorganized, and catatonic type. They canÃ¢â¬â¢t be diagnosed to a subtype since they share symptoms of eac h of them. The residual subtype has some of the negative symptoms of schizophrenia but do not have psychotic episodes at that current time. To be in this subtype, they had to have had at least one psychotic breakdown. The list of these subtypes was removed in the DSM-5 and are now listed under Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders (Atkins, Frey, Key, Wienclaw, 2012). Delusions Delusions are one of the most common symptoms to schizophrenia. Delusions are false beliefs that the patient believes is true. An example is when the patient believes someone is following them or Ã¢â¬Å"out to get themÃ¢â¬ . Just like schizophrenia, delusions also have subtypes. The first subtype is erotomanic which is when they believe that someone is in love with them and they will go through many obstacles just to try to contact them. The next subtype is grandiose. Grandiose is when the person believes that they are famous or have a lot of power over others. The persecution subtype is when they feel that someone is against them or spreading rumors about them. The forth subtype is jealousy, and is when the patient believes that their spouse isnÃ¢â¬â¢t being committed to the relationship. The final subtype to delusions is somatic. The patient believes that there isShow MoreRelatedSymptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia Essay937 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIntroduction Per MentalHelp.net, schizophrenia is rare with approximately one-percent of the worldwide population and 1.2 percent of the population of the United States suffering from the disease as of 2009. Accurate statistics are difficult to obtain because many sufferers do not seek help. Symptoms typically Ã¢â¬â but not always Ã¢â¬â present in teen years with different peak times for females and males. Females have two peak times of vulnerability Ã¢â¬â mid- to late twenties and again around 40 Ã¢â¬â whereasRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia1108 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSchizophrenia What is schizophrenia? Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder characterized by hallucinations, delusions, disorganized thought, cognitive impairment, and mood symptoms. Hallucinations may include hearing voices (auditory hallucinations) or seeing people (visual hallucinations) that are not actually present. Patient also often have Ã¢â¬Å"negativeÃ¢â¬ findings such as decreased energy, flat affect, and a lack of interest. These symptoms must typically be present for at least 6 months andRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia1060 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction Schizophrenia is a well-known emotional and mental disorder that causes hallucinations, and paranoid and delusional behaviour (Hoffer, 2004). In contrast to many other diseases, schizophrenia is mostly due to genetics and influenced by the environment. People who suffer from this disorder usually cannot differentiate from the imaginative world from the real one. Schizophrenia is often a result of stress and develops gradually (DeLisi, 2011). It is therefore, essential to start earlyRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia1238 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdiagnosed with them. Although there are many neurological diseases, schizophrenia is one of them. Schizophrenia is one of the more known disorders in the psychological world. Throughout this paper the following questions are answered: what is schizophrenia, what are the causes of schizophrenia, what are some of the types of schizophrenia, and what are the treatment options for those who are diagnosed with schizophrenia? Schizophrenia is a disabling disorder and is chronic and severe to those thatRead MoreSymptoms And Treatments Of Schizophrenia1205 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSchizophrenia Roughly 2.5 Million Americans have been diagnosed with a chronical brain disorder known as Schizophrenia. Most people believe schizophrenia causes people to have split personalities, but thatÃ¢â¬â¢s not the case. The illness called Schizophrenia causes a person to hallucinate, hear voices that others canÃ¢â¬â¢t hear, make people believe that they are being watched, and the belief somebody is out to harm them. (Mental Health America 2015) In this paper I will write about the prevalence, whatRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia1011 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSchizophrenia is a mental disorder that consists of hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech and thought. Ã¢â¬Å"SchizoÃ¢â¬ if Greek for Split while Ã¢â¬Å"phreneÃ¢â¬ means mind; schizophrenia literally translates to split mind (Burton, 2012). Why is schizophrenia considered to be split minded? According to Khouzam, 2012 split mind is used to describe the disruption within the thought process Schizophrenia i s a mental disorder that has subcategories that include paranoia, catatonia, disorganized, residual andRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia843 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPeople who suffered from schizophrenia were once mistaken to be Ã¢â¬Å"dangerousÃ¢â¬ and untreatable. For this reason, they were often institutionalized and removed from society (DiRocco). The causes of this mental psychotic disorder has been much more understood over the past decade resulting in the possibility for people with schizophrenia to live more average lives. Development of treatments, such as medication and various forms of psychotherapies, have been effective in treating symptoms and common comorbidRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia1058 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSchizophrenia is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"a brain disorder that affects the way a person behaves, thinks, and sees the world.Ã¢â¬ (Melinda Smith, Jeanne Segal). Schizophrenia is treatable but incurable, and is present in one perce nt of the general population. Some people with schizophrenia can function normally without the help of medicines, while others must rely on medications. The disorder can also get so severe that an individual may need to be hospitalized or worse. The measures needed to treat schizophreniaRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia1545 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSchizophrenia, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), is a psychotic disorder that is characterized by delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and behaviour, and other symptoms that cause social or occupational dysfunction (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013). The symptoms of schizophrenia invade every aspect of a person: the way someone thinks, feels, and behaves; which implicates their interpersonal and working relationships. Individuals sufferingRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of Schizophrenia1476 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Schizophrenia, paranoid type was researched i n terms of diagnostic criteria based on many different actions that affect people in multiple ways. Schizophrenia is a disease in the brain that is an emotionally draining illness that can affect the victim along with anyone in contact with the victim. RB a young man has a diagnosis of schizophrenia, paranoid type. He lives at home with a loving family and he was always socially active and great student. Schizophrenia has been a severely stigmatized disorder
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Many adolescents that live in North Dakota know the feeling of having to sit in school in August, when the weather is perfect for days on the lake or other activities. A majority of them are asking why they have to be in school during this time, when states such as Minnesota are still on break until September. To fix this inconvenience along with other frustrations would be to start the school year after Labor Day in September. To fix the predicament first people should know why starting school early is a problem, then have a clear solution to this problem, and finally know why other solutions that have been offered to compensate are not as favorable. First of all, many people donÃ¢â¬â¢t find starting school in August a problem. However, thereÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Another disadvantage of starting early is because of students trying to get used to the school schedule. Between the date when school starts and Labor day there is only about one week of school which means students have to get used to getting up early, but then are given a three day weekend which tends to make them go back to their summer schedule. This indicates that the first week of school is not a constructive way to get kids back on schedule. Starting school at the beginning of September is a great way to fix all of the problems. Beginning school after Labor Day will be beneficial to businesses because they will be able to keep their young employees during the busy weekend of Labor Day. More people will be able to go on vacation which means hotels and other attractions will get a lot of business as well. The school will also be saving money by reducing the use of air conditioning as well. Although there are some disadvantages to starting school in September. One of them includes the scheduling of Christmas vacation, semester tests, and the beginning of fall sports. However, the positives of choosing to start in September outweigh the negatives since they could easily be fixes by precise scheduling. Other solutions have been provided to make up for the early start of school. One of these include that the semester ends with a winter break and the option of being able to have semester testsShow MoreRelatedThe Dust Bowl By Robert E. Geiger1145 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesplowing and planting even more crops. Millions of acres of unsuitable farmland were uprooted and destroyed because of this. Most of the land that was plowed was unsuitable for farming because they had deep roots that held tightly to the ground and when they were uprooted, the dirt became loose and weak, therefore setting up the country for the dusty decade that was quickly approaching. After the snowstorms in the winter of 1930-1931, the drought began. By late January 1932, the first dust stormsRead MoreSolar Roadways Essay1633 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdriven on, which would replace asphalt roads. Solar Roadways would collect energy and then distribute it to our homes and businesses in order to replace the need for fossil fuels and better the economy. This past February, four students at North Dakota State University were killed in a car crash during a snowstorm. They were driving back from Minneapolis, Minnesota after visiting their families for Christmas break. That night, the weather reported heavy snow, strong winds, and slippery roadsRead MoreIs The Lack Of Non Renewable Resources A Threat?2454 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesstrength. The access, production, and delivery of this strategic resource drive a governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s policy development and often contains influences that may cause internal conflicts and strain relationships with other external entities. Tensions arise when economic concerns, the relaxation of environmental restraints, foreign policy, or the threat of use of force to protect its vital interests is presented. Although there is always the possibility that a global crisis can materialize because of theRead MoreIs The Tennessee Governor s Task Force On Disaster Preparedness For Pandemics?3611 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagesanticipating that the state might confront a full-blown, devastating crisis (Giles Howitt, 2011). Cooper believed that TEMAÃ¢â¬â¢s early reaction made sense, and if the pandemic worsened, TEMA could assume greater responsibilities, particularly when it came to logistics and security concerns. Based on the epidemiological evidence emerging from Texas and other areas battling some of the earliest outbreaks, health authorities quickly concluded that the pandemic would likely fall well short ofRead MoreEssay on Walmart16417 Words Ã |Ã 66 Pagesoperates the Sams Club retail warehouses in North America. Walmart has 8,500 stores in 15 countries, under 55 different names. The company operates under the Walmart name in the United States, including the 50 states and Puerto Rico. It operates in Mexico as Walmex, in the United Kingdom as Asda, in Japan as Seiyu, and in India as Best Price. It has wholly owned operations in Argentina, Brazil, and Canada. Walmarts investments outside North America have had mixed results: its operationsRead MoreCase5831 Words Ã |Ã 24 Pagesmoney to charity, founded the Dayton Foundation with $1 million. By the 1920s, the Dayton Company was a multi-million dollar business that filled the entire six-story building. In 1923, Daytons 43-year-old son David died, prompting George to start transferring parts of the business to another son, Nelson Dayton. Right before the Wall Street Crash of 1929, the company made its first expansion by acquiring the Minneapolis-based jeweler, J.B. Hudson amp; Son. Throughout the Great Depression, itsRead Morea feasibility study in tilapia longganisa13862 Words Ã |Ã 56 Pagesbigger help to PhilippineÃ¢â¬â¢s economy. 4 Students This can provide student references to their future researchers and alike. 5 Unemployed This Manufacturing Sweet Skinless tilapia Longganisa can provide job for those unemployed especially when this business blooms into a bigger entity. 6 Government The government can purchase my product in their feeding programs. This can help them in reducing expenses because this is cheaper compare to leading brands. Also, this product is madeRead MoreAmazon Case Studies14071 Words Ã |Ã 57 PagesLESCHLY MICHAEL J. ROBERTS WILLIAM A. SAHLMAN Amazon.comÃ¢â¬â2002 Jeff Bezos looked out the open doorway of his office and stared at the Ã¢â¬Å"problem of the day,Ã¢â¬ which his assistant Sarah had posted on the whiteboard in the hallway. It was Friday, September 13, 2002, and the whiteboard read: Ã¢â¬ You have 10 bottles with 100 pills each in them. In nine of the bottles, each pill weighs 10 mg. In one bottle, each pill weighs 9 mg. These pills are poisonous. You have a digital scale that reads out in mg. CanRead MoreOrdination Questions For Elder. Theology10615 Words Ã |Ã 43 PagesScripture tells us that we were created in the image of God. If God is love and hope and all things good and wonderful, humanity must possess those same characteristics as well, at least we possessed those characteristics when we entered this world. This is never more evident to me than when I am holding a newborn baby in my arms. Babies are so innocent and pure; gifts from God not yet broken by the world. Unfortunately, it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t take long for the corruption of the world to begin making a mark on theRead MorePerformance Analysis of Biman Bangladesh Airlines Limited9930 Words Ã |Ã 40 Pagesinternational passenger and cargo service to Asia and Europe, as well as major domestic routes. It has air service agreements with 42 countries, but flies to only 18. The airline was wholly owned and managed by the government of Bangladesh until 23 July 2007, when it was transformed into the countrys largest public limited company by the Caretaker Government of Bangladesh. The airlines headquarters, Balaka Bhaban, is located in Kurmitola, Dhaka. Created in February 1972, Biman enjoyed an internal monopoly
Acquiring knowledge through education has become an essential element for nations to prosper and compete. The utmost importance is laid on quality and lifelong learning, from early childhood development to tertiary learning. The ultimate capacity of every Filipino young person to actively participate in national development and improve his quality of living can only be achieved by enhancing their knowledge and skills that will lead them to have a more meaningful and productive lives. In the Philippines, the general objective and goals of education have been cited in the National Constitution section 3(2), Article XIV of the Constitution. These goals have been transformed into educational policies which formed the legal bases in (elementary and secondary) education framework. Education for All (EFA) policy holds true to every Filipino who has the right to a quality and accessible education. It is the fundamental investment in the aspiration of wiping out the endless cycle of poverty and moral perversion in the country. We will write a custom essay sample on Education and Seminar Lecture or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page A good outcome of education is composed of both quantity and quality of educational capital. The quantity of educational capital can be measured by the number of graduates. On the other hand, the quality of education is considerably hard to measure accurately. What does quality education really mean? According to Adams, (1993) the terms efficiency, effectiveness, equity and quality have often been used synonymously. Several consensus exist around the basic dimensions of quality education. One of the attributes is the outcomes that encompass knowledge, skills and attitudes, and are linked to national goals for education and positive participation in society. Conceptually, the quality of education is reflected in the performance of students and graduates. But, unfortunately, as several studies on Philippine education have revealed that the expansion of educational opportunities is inversely matched by a deteriorating quality of education in the country. As emphasized by our speaker that there are many factors that have caused dwindling in the quality of education which seem to be embedded in the political, cultural, social and economic context. The same issues were raised during our group discussions. Nevertheless, practical definition of quality is significant when it must be open to change and evolution based on information, changing contexts, and new understandings of the nature of educationÃ¢â¬â¢s challenges. New research Ã¢â¬â ranging from multinational research to action research at the classroom levelÃ¢â¬â contributes to this redefinition. It is already a good emerging manifesto when K -12 curriculum has been implemented last June of this year 2012. Aside the fact that Philippines has one of the shortest basic education systems in Asia Pacific, enhancing the quality of basic education in the Philippines is also critical and compels immediate action. It is viewed that 10 year basic education is insufficient. Every graduate of the Enhanced K to 12 Basic Education program is an empowered individual who has learned, through a program that is rooted on sound educational principles and geared towards excellence, the foundations for learning throughout life, the competence to engage in work and be productive, the ability to coexist in fruitful harmony with local and global communities, the capability to engage in autonomous critical thinking, and the capacity to transform others and oneÃ¢â¬â¢s self. What I have come to realize in this seminar, is that despite of the negative feedbacks about K-12 implementation, this educational reform program is the best solution to attain accessible and quality education for global competitiveness. K to 12 will facilitate an accelerated economic growth and strengthen mutual recognition of Filipino graduates and professionals in other countries. A better educated society provides a sound foundation for long-term socio-economic development. Parents will not pay for 2 years of basic education that will give them an employable child. In effect, parents are actually saving 2 years of expenses. Bringing together all the challenges in on-going educational reforms, changing environment, content, process, and outcomes Ã¢â¬â is a difficult task, especially to teachers who are the front liners in the real arena of education. It requires knowledge, resources, commitment and willingness to change. But, these efforts must continue and expand if childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s right to quality education is to be ensured and fulfilled. In conclusion, the seminar-lecture session was very relevant, comprehensive and reflective. It has call forth my thoughts about the urgent need of educational reforms to ascertain good future of our learners as they geared towards self-fulfillment and societal development.
Monday, April 20, 2020
Introduction General Overview The interest in organizational spirituality partially derives from the necessity to balance organizational performance and to improve the codes of ethics within an organization. Specifically, a growing attention to the workplace spirituality allows people to construct and sustain fundamental values at work and facilitate various management operations and practices.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Spirituality in the Workplace specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Appeared in the 1990s, this domain of organizational ethics has captured the attention of the leading theorist examining management and workplace environment (Giacalone and Jurkiewicz, 2010, p. 27). In particular, contemporary researchers are primarily dedicated to the analysis of spirituality with regard to organizational performance and relationships between the employers and their employees. One way or another, these theoretic al frameworks provide promising perspectives for successful development and advancement of companyÃ¢â¬â¢s philosophies and values allowing to adjust to social and cultural changes. In this regard, there is a growing necessity to study various dimensions of workplace spirituality to define how they influence organizational performance, ethical behavior, and overall atmosphere within an organization. Defining Spirituality in the Workplace So far, spirituality was not considered in relation to work and business and organizational workplace could be compared with oxymoron. However, since 1990 and several decades after, a dramatic interest in the examination of this term as an inherent component in understanding organizations and management provide a solid ground for providing a new definition of spirituality. Manz and Neal (2005) provide the following explanation: Ã¢â¬Å"Spirituality in the workplace is about people seeing their work as a spiritual path, as an opportunity to grow pers onally and to contribute to society in a meaningful way. It is about learning to be more caring and compassionate with fellow employees, with bosses, with subordinates and customers. It is about integrity, being true to oneself, and telling the truth to others. Spirituality in the workplace can refer to an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s attempts to live his or her values more fully in the workplace.Ã¢â¬ (p. 121)Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Analyzing this meaning, organizational spirituality touches upon various dimensions of employed environment such as organizational ethics, organizational performance, integrity, cultural diversity, and psychological factors in relations between managers and their subordinates. Literature Synthesis: Elements of Organizational Spirituality Spirituality and organizational performance The introduction of spirituality and virtuous approaches to bus iness management is largely predetermined by the necessity to increase organizational performance, productivity, and revenues. In this regard, a wide range of researches and reports are dedicated to the analysis of these relations. Cavanagh and Bandsuch (2002) question, Ã¢â¬Å"how does [spirituality] maximize the benefits and minimize the problem of spirituality in the workplaceÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"how does one best judge whether a particular spirituality is Ã¢â¬ËappropriateÃ¢â¬â¢ for the workplaceÃ¢â¬ (p. 109). In this regard, the scholars pay attention to the fact that spirituality contributes significantly to improving cooperation and motivation. More importantly, they believe that spirituality positively affects organizational performance and productivity, thus dictating a person-oriented approach to human resource management. The same position is held by Collins (2010) who also believes that spirituality in the workplace is the primary condition for achieving impressive fina ncial performance and productivity and for striking the balance between companyÃ¢â¬â¢s goals and ethical and spiritual behaviors within an organization. In particular, the scholar provides an original approach for proving that ethics and ethical codes, ethical decision making, and diversity training are closely correlated with performance analysis. More importantly, the research carried by Collins (2010) provides evidence that proper management of organizational spirituality will lead to the improvement of quality of goods and services and facilitates spiritual development and growth. Examinations of relation of spirituality to organizational efficiency and performance have also been proved by Karakas (2010). Specifically, the researcher has managed to successfully outline the main factors affecting high productivity and organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s prosperity.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Spirituality in the Workplace specifically for you for only $16 .05 $11/page Learn More The researcher believes that a successful performance is based on three factors: employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s welfare and living standard, employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ motivation and incentives, and employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ interaction with community. All these factors are effectively enhanced by spirituality. Kolodinsky et al. (2008) have proved the research question provided by Karakas (2010). However, the researcher is more focused on the structuring the main elements of spirituality believing that it should be views through the prism of individual, organizational and interactive aspects. Milliman et al. (1999) agree with this idea that the introduction of the organizational spirituality triggers the increase of companyÃ¢â¬â¢s profits and provides new incentives and motivation for employees to work harder and more efficiently. With regard to the considerations presented above, it should be stressed that all the researchers have provided completely different positions toward the connection between spirituality and organizational performance. Nevertheless, all of them emphasize the importance of spirituality penetration to the workplace. Spirituality and organizational ethics The fact that spirituality and ethics are closely interconnected is undeniable. This is obvious when it concerns the world of business and organizational management, which is another dimension of social world. Therefore, there are plethora of researchers and explorations that provide exhaustive information about codes of ethics, organizational ethics, personal development and how they are connected with spirituality in the workplace. Sheep (2006) sufficiently explains two important factors Ã¢â¬â spirituality in the workplace and ethical dilemmas Ã¢â¬â with regard to the overall atmosphere within an organization. In particular, the researcher believes that harmonic co-existence of several ethical climates will not provide serious problems, but they can trigger ethical mi sconceptions within differently oriented working teams. In order to eliminate and to prevent such dilemmas, the researcher pays attention to Ã¢â¬Å"quiet desperationÃ¢â¬ and the problem of instrumentality (Sheep, 2006, p. 538). What is more important, Sheep (2006) suggests a comprehensive approach to solving the problems.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Specifically, he refers to instrumentality, societal good, and individual fulfillment as the main pillars for striking the balance between ethical issues and organizational spirituality. The same view is held by Manz and Neal (2008) who believe that Ã¢â¬Å"[w]hile virues offer a blueprint for ideal ethical and moral workplace conduct, the realities of the market are often largely in opposition to these lofty intentionsÃ¢â¬ (p. 131). The researchers also suggest that performance can often encounter the problems of spirituality and virtue formation because such aspects as compassion and integrity can conflict with high productivity. In contrast to SheepÃ¢â¬â¢s suggestions, Pawar (2009b) provides a completely different view on the consideration of spirituality and ethical issues. Unlike previous statements, the researcher does not refer to spirituality in the workplace as to the cornerstone for constructing and adapting ethical codes, but as to the basics of organizational ethics. Like Kolodinsky et al. (2008), Pawar (2009b) offers a three-dimensional approach to the evaluation of various techniques for facilitating spirituality in the workplace. These dimensions touch upon personal, group, and organizational viewpoints on the connection between spirituality and ethics. Judging from the above assumptions and evidence, the connection of spirituality and ethics in relation to organizational performance is quite controversial. Therefore, this concept should be carefully considered before introduced in the working environment. Spirituality, religion, and social interaction in the business world The contradictions derived from considering organization spirituality are largely connected with wrong understanding of this definition. The problem is that religion and spirituality are closely interconnected because religion can be considered as the main source of spirituality (Manz and Neal, 2008, p. 121). However, this is only one of the basic components included in t his definition which are not properly revealed and explained. Therefore, it is imperative to understand the differences between those terms because there are people are spiritual enough, but do not belong to any of the known religions. Some researchers believe that spirituality in the workplace does not presuppose religion as its main component (Pavlovich and Corner, 2009). The scholars insist on the idea that organizational spirituality identifies various techniques for consolidating and connecting employees. More importantly, Pavlovich and Corner (2009) provide comprehensive models for analyzing environmental and social issues and connect spirituality management with ecological levels. In the studies provides by Pawar (2009a), there is no mentioning about religion as the basic precursor of workplace spirituality. Instead, the scholar provides that this phenomenon is constructed on the basis of self-interest transcendence, organizational behavior, transformational leadership, proce dural justice, and organizational support. Being the main concepts of organizational behavior, spirituality, thus, is presented as a component of organizational ethics where religion cannot be considered, or should be presented apart from business ethics. In order to separate religion from spirituality, it is necessary to consider several dimensions these two aspects encounter. According to Hill and Smith (2003), religion is more community-focused while spirituality tend to be more individualistic; religion is more observable, measurable, and objective while spirituality is less visible and quantifiable and more objectiveÃ¢â¬ ¦.religion tend to be behavior-oriented with an emphasis on outward practices while spirituality tend to be more emotionally oriented and inwardly directed;Ã¢â¬ ¦and religion is more oriented toward doctrine, especially that which distinguishes good from evil while spirituality stresses harmony and unity and is less concerned with doctrine (p. 233). With rega rd to these distinctions, it is possible to conclude that spirituality and religion create a two-polar opposition where the coincident point can be observed in case emotional and inward states of an individual are based on religious concerns only. Alternatively, considering spirituality and religious are homogenous terms can lead disorganization and misconception of the established theories and approaches. In particular, according to Hicks (2003), spirituality should be presented in the opposition to religion; otherwise, it can create negative connotations in the employed environment. Therefore, spirituality should be set before religions to avoid frictions and conflicts in the workplace. Summing up the presented evidence, spirituality in the workplace is based on numerous aspects and influences, among which are organizational behavior, leadership, organizational ethics, self-interest transcendence, and religion. It should be emphasized that the latter provokes numerous controversie s because it is often confused with the spirituality in the workplace. Hence, the analysis of differences and peculiarities has revealed that religion may serve as a component of organizational spirituality, but it does not provide fundamental conceptions for constructing business ethics. Discussion and Findings An in-depth examination and assessment of the presented sources have infused several valuable assumptions and findings concerning different dimensions of spirituality in the workplace. This specifically relates to the ethical dilemmas in the business environment, strategies for handling an organizational behavior, factors affecting an organizational performance and productivity, and the main elements of spirituality. In addition, the definition and explanation of the term have also been identified. To begin with, the literature analysis has provided several discoveries concerning organizational spirituality and performance. Specifically, it has been found that the majority o f the researchers (Cavanagh and Bandsuch, 2002; Collins, 2010; Karakas, 2010; Kolodinsky et al., 2008; Milliman, 1999) agree with the assumption that this aspect positively influences companyÃ¢â¬â¢s performance and employeesÃ¢â¬â¢ performance because meeting workersÃ¢â¬â¢ spiritual and ethical requirements provides more incentives and more solid motivations for working harder. Second, there are some difficulties in defining the relations between spirituality and ethical issues due to some reasons. Hence, it has been found that such controversy is predetermined by various theoretical orientations of both terms with regard to organizational management. Hence, spirituality is more individual-oriented, it provides subjective outlooks and positions that should be tackled carefully by organization (Sheep, 2006; Manz and Neal, 2009; Pawar, 2009). More importantly, it is more connected with cultural and emotional diversities that are sometimes difficult to adjust because they may cont radict some established conceptions within an organization. In contrast, organizational ethics is more concerned with inventing some integral and universal concepts that could contribute to establishing favorable working environment and to meeting high levels of performance and productivity. Third, religion and spirituality are not identical notions, specifically with regard to organizational ethics and behavior. Certainly, both spirituality and religions have similarities if considering them apart from the business world. But within it, spirituality prevails where religion may be included only as one of the components along with leadership, organizational behavior, self-interest transcendence (Hill and Smith 2003; Hicks, 2003). At the same time, businesses should treat religion carefully cultivating tolerance and respect being the basic of cultural considerations. All it can be seen spirituality involves a plethora of complicated issues and dilemmas that are carefully studied and c onsidered at interdisciplinary level. This also implies that organizational spirituality is, indeed, crucial for constructing efficient strategies in the field of human resource management and organizational ethics. Limitations to the Presented Literature The majority of the selected scholarly works provides positive perspectives and connotations for introducing organization spirituality. However, little research has been done to analyze the reasons and negative outcomes of implementing spirituality in the workplace. Mostly all reviewed works relate to the analysis of spirituality from the viewpoint of organizational ethics. Specifically, the point is that this notion is not considered as a separate concept, but inherently affiliated to ethical and cultural considerations. Another explicit gap presented in the researches is absence of sufficient models for implementing spirituality in the workplace with regard to psychological factors and professional growth issue. Rather, the intro duction is primarily aimed at improving organizational productivity and performance. Consequently, there is a great distinction between spirituality in the workplace and that presented in the community. The latter is closely associated with individualsÃ¢â¬â¢ religious concerns rather with inward emotional state. Finally, there are no accurate studies dedicated to the measurement of spirituality with regard to different organizations. In particular, irrelevant identification of spiritual goals and approaches can lead to theories ethical conflicts. Therefore, it is necessary to expand the meaning of organizational spirituality to keep pace with recent cultural, social, and political changes. This can serve as serious reasons for further researchers in this field. Conclusion The spirituality in the workplace is connected with a wide range of disciplines and studies. Specifically, this notion concerns such areas as human resource management, business ethics, and organizational behavio r, and conflict management. The examination and assessment of presented theories and models for treating organizational spirituality provides great perspectives for further exploration and encouragement for building companyÃ¢â¬â¢s values and codes of ethics and allows to establish a more favorable ground for adapting to cultural and social shifts. The analysis and review of presented scholarly sources have proved numerous hypotheses and provides a solid ground for further explorations. More importantly, the review has also presented the most urgent problem connected with organizational ethics and establishing spirituality in the workplace. The concerns are specifically connected with failure to correctly define the essence of spirituality which is often confused with religion. Numerous findings have proved that these concepts belong to completely different dimensions and studies, especially when they are considered in relation to business and management. Another problem occurs whe n searching place for spirituality within the ethical frameworks. Ethics and spirituality can also be subjected to a two-polar confrontation because sometimes organizational ethics is not congruent with moral and spiritual concerns of individuals. In this respect, there are still many issues and aspect that are worth further examination and discussion to provide more accurate explanations for the place of spiritual issues in the employed environment. Reference List Cavanagh, G. F., and Bandsuch, M. R. (2002). Virtue as a Benchmark for Spirituality in Business. Journal of Business Ethics. 38(1/2), pp. 109-117. Collins, D. (2010). Ã¢â¬ËDesigning ethical organizations for spiritual growth and superior performance: an organization systems approachÃ¢â¬â¢, Journal of Management, Spirituality Religion, 7(2), pp. 95-117. Giacalone, R. A., and Jurkiewicz, C. L (2010). Handbook of Workplace Spirituality and Organizational Performance. US: M. E. Sharpe SharpeLtd. Hicks, D. A. (2003). Reli gion and the workplace: pluralism, spirituality, leadership. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Hill, P. C. and Smith, G. S. (2003) Coming to Terms with Spirituality and Religion in the Workplace. In R. A. Giacalone and C. L. Jurkiewicz. Handbook of Workplace Spirituality and Organizational Performance. US: M. E. Sharpe SharpeLtd. Karakas, F. (2010). Spirituality and performance in organizations: A literature review. Journal of Business Ethics, 94, pp. 89-106. Kolodinsky, R. W., Giacalone, R. A., and Jurkiewicz, C. L. (2008). Workplace Values and Outcomes: Exploring Personal, Organizational, and Interactive Workplace Spirituality. Journal of Business Ethics. 81(1), pp. 465-480. Manz. C. C., and Neal, J. (2008). The virtuous organization: insights from some of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s leading management thinkers. US: World Scientific. Milliman J., Ferguson J., Trickett D., Condemi B. (1999). Spirit and community at Southwest Airlines: An investigation of a spiritual values-based model. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 12 (3), pp. 221-233. Pavlovich, K. and Corner, P. (2009). Spiritual Organizations and Inter-Connectedness: The Living Nature Experience. Journal of Management, Spirituality and Religion, 6 (3), pp. 209-229. Pawar, B. S. (2009a). Some of the Recent Organizational Behavior Concepts as Precursors to Workplace Spirituality. Journal of Business Ethics. 88(2), pp. 245-261. Pawar, B. S. (2009b). Workplace spirituality facilitation: A comprehensive model. Journal of Business Ethics 90, pp. 375Ã¢â¬â386. Sheep, M. L. (2006). Nurturing the Whole Person: The Ethics of Workplace Spirituality in a Society of Organizations. Journal of Business Ethics. 66(4), pp. 357-375. This essay on Spirituality in the Workplace was written and submitted by user Lexi House to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Sunday, March 15, 2020
The Writers Diet The WriterÃ¢â¬â¢s Diet The WriterÃ¢â¬â¢s Diet By Mark Nichol How does your writing style rate regarding balanced use (or overuse) of parts of speech? An online test will evaluate your compositions for you. The writing handbook The WriterÃ¢â¬â¢s Diet: A Guide to Fit Prose has a companion website that features not only a blog (and a newsletter you can subscribe to) but also a test that analyzes writing passages. Naturally, I took a test drive (seven test drives, actually). Choosing some of my favorite essay-type posts on DailyWritingTips.com, I plugged them into the WriterÃ¢â¬â¢s Diet Test, which scores content in parts-of-speech categories equivalent to the ones the bookÃ¢â¬â¢s author, academician Helen Sword, focuses on in the book: verbs, nouns, prepositions, adjectives and adverbs, and what she calls Ã¢â¬Å"waste wordsÃ¢â¬ (it, this, that, and there). The test scores on a scale labeled in keeping with the health-conscious them: Lean, Fit Trim, Needs Toning, Flabby, and Heart Attack. One by one, I copied and pasted seven of my posts into the tool and read the results of my writing physical. I was not surprised to see that for the most part, my writing tended to be at the Lean/Fit Trim end of the spectrum. (IÃ¢â¬â¢ve been writing professionally for four decades, so IÃ¢â¬â¢d better be in good shape.) However, four of the seven cumulative scores were in Flabby territory. Why? My use of nouns was usually restrained, though the test result for one post registered their use as decidedly unhealthy. Apparently, however, IÃ¢â¬â¢m living on borrowed time because of an excessive employment of verbs. And though my restraint with prepositions is admirable, and I was generally carefully about not overdoing it with adjectives and adverbs, I did binge once in the latter category. In addition, I was usually pretty good about minimizing the little words that Sword lists as inimical to clear, concise writing, though I had a couple of lapses. What does this mean? Objectively, it means that I should be more alert to avoiding inserting too many of what Sword calls Ã¢â¬Å"academic ad-wordsÃ¢â¬ - the adjectives and adverbs ending in -able, -ant, -ary, and the like- that are often used in stodgy scholarly writing. And though I am vigilant about avoiding using expletives (Ã¢â¬Å"it is,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"there are,Ã¢â¬ and so on) and repeating the pronouns it and that, I could do better. And especially, it seems, though I often advocate using vivid verbs and minimizing use of forms of Ã¢â¬Å"to beÃ¢â¬ (is, am, being, and the like), I am remiss in practicing what I preach. You may, after taking the test, argue that you know youÃ¢â¬â¢re a good writer and donÃ¢â¬â¢t deserve your check-up to result in admonitions to go on a diction diet. Or perhaps, after you slyly copied and pasted a passage from a Work of Great Literature, you scoffed when Tolstoy or Twain, or Faulkner or Fitzgerald, earned Ã¢â¬Å"failingÃ¢â¬ scores. Sword acknowledges that the test is a Ã¢â¬Å"blunt instrumentÃ¢â¬ : Good writing can earn low scores, bad writing can result in a complimentary result, and titans of literature sometimes simultaneously break the rules of composition and produce masterpieces. (Hello, Samuel Beckett.) Furthermore, the test is not a directive to adopt a prose style of Hemingwayian simplicity. It merely calls attention to areas that may need some attention. Check out the website for an outline of the principles Sword advises that you attend to in order to achieve a lean (or at least fit and trim) compositional composition, or read the book for more details. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Writing Basics category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:English Grammar 101: All You Need to Know41 Words That Are Better Than GoodHow to Punctuate Introductory Phrases
Friday, February 28, 2020
Econ - Essay Example The current salary distribution formula gives the player 57% of the revenues. Another problem with the system is that the NBA salary cap is a soft cap. A soft cap allows teams with greater resources such as the L.A. Lakers and the N.Y. Knicks the ability to pay go over the cap and pay additional salaries paid by the owners. The small market teams are seeking a hard cap at a much lower salary base. The owners want a 40% reduction is player salaries. A hard cap would force all teams to spend up to the amount of salary cap. The current salary cap is $58 million dollars. The prices of the salaries are determined by the deal that the playerÃ¢â¬â¢s union and owners negotiate. The prices of the players are negotiated similarly to what occurs in the corporate world when labor unions negotiate worker compensation with the managers of the firm. The NBA has to reach an agreement by the summer of 2011 in order to ensure there is not a lockout of the season. A lockout would have catastrophic ec onomic effects on the NBA. Players would lose their salaries, the owners would incur in operating losses since fixed cost must be paid without any revenues coming in. The television networks would also lose because they would not have a product to offer to the advertisers.
Wednesday, February 12, 2020
Expanding small business - Essay Example Sam was told that the company should have adopted change management methods and planned change policies prior to bringing about change. According to Nelson and Winter (1982) routine interactions within the working environment forms the basis of organizational culture and a predictive pattern emerges. Deal and Kennedy 19820 describe it as Ã¢â¬Å"the way we do things hereÃ¢â¬ . The importance of this routine is gaining importance as has been acknowledged by Cohen et al (1972) and Hedberg et al (1976. Topmost in handling change is to motivate the people to achieve the purpose of the change. This means highlighting the glorious future and contrasting it with the disgraceful past. However it has to be conveyed positively with rewards accompanying results. Effective communication will be required to generate support and participation at all levels. Teamwork and togetherness is the core issue here. To bring about active involvements in the procedure the employees have to be given a vision of the future. The vision requires standing up for fair practices with genuine efforts backed by world class products and to inform the customers that they could depend upon the company to be competitive and more efficient. The objectives are the values the vision creates and the value features are the consistent commitment to quality and service to be provided to the customers. For the change to be effective and for the realization of the company vision it is imperative that all the stakeholders support the various steps all along the way. The attempts have to be genuine and in common interest for benefits all round. The primary requirement is to have the knowledge of all sources of power in the company and to harness them and motivate them to work for a common goal. The ideal is to get them to agree on and obtain a consensus to avoid sudden conflicts of interest midway between any initiatives. It is often